Label Conscious

Fake Klines still selling on the open market?

No less than 9 signed Franz Klines that have traded over the past five years at major auction houses (including Christie’s London & New York, Koller in Zurich, and Tajan in Pari) could be fakes. All are untitled ink-on-paper works from the early 1950s, and all have identical block-letter Kline signatures. On the reverse of each is a label from the Grace Borgenicht Gallery, at 1018 Madison Avenue, in New York.

That provenance is suspect, according to William Mac Chambers, a New York private dealer who was a Borgenicht employee for 23 years. “The label is not our label,” he states. “It’s a fake label.” Chambers will not provide a facsimile of the genuine article, explaining that that would make further forgeries easier. He notes, however, that the size and typeface of the ones on the Klines are incorrect. In any case, a former colleague of his recently examined the gallery’s sold-works archive and no Klines were recorded during its existence, from 1951 to 1995 (Grace Borgenicht died in 2001).

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Librarians – Archivists

Throughout recorded history, humanity has had a strong instinct to preserve its culture. That instinct continues to grow. Archivists are the professionals that preserve our world’s identity. Their job is to ensure history is recorded and available for future generations.

The primary job of the archivist is to determine the best method of preserving and storing artifacts. These artifacts can be anything from a locket of hair to a famous painting. Archivists preserve and record various kinds of artifacts that are of irreplaceable value. Archivists may work in traditional library settings, but others may experience more exotic settings, including museums and archaeological sites.
Archivists have an obligation to meet as professionals. The American Institute for Conservation has established professional guidelines and standards for archivists. As technology continues to change, so do the guidelines.
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Art School Scholarships

The art field is usually not considered to be a lucrative profession. In any case, it is tougher to find a strong footing in the world of art than it is in other branches of learning. However, in the present day, the scope for arts has opened up immensely and several new kinds of artistic courses have been initiated. Take also a look at this video with artwork of the AAA Graduating class of 2015:

Besides traditional arts such as dance, music, theater, and writing, there are other artistic fields such as pottery, culinary arts and many others which are in vogue today. The only roadblock for these courses is their cost. They tend to be very expensive. This does not mean that you should forfeit your art education. You can apply for an art scholarship and enjoy your art career.
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American Academy of Art Irving Shapiro Library

The American Academy of Art’s Library is named for Irving Shapiro (1927-1994). Irving was a Chicago native who studied painting at Chicago’s Art Institute and later at the American Academy of Art (AAA). Irving Shapiro was teaching art at the AAA from 1945 until the day he retired. Watercolor was his world and quite a few artists that work in watercolor these days refer to Shapiro as possibly the most influential of all their teachers.

One of the typical characteristics of watercolor is its transparency. Watercolor is consisting of thin mixtures of paint pigments from a solid block or a tube that are suspended in water, and when the painter’s brush is laying down the paint, the colors spread rapidly which leaves transparent layers of color on the often wet paper. Watercolor paintings are actually built in controlled wash areas.
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Think Twice Before Buying

More than ever, the seemingly sexy world of art crime is basking in the spotlight. In the last few months alone, a new program in Italy promoted itself as the world’s first devoted exclusively to international art crime studies, an ARTnews investigation concluded there is more fake than real modern Russian art on the market, the New York Times looked into the ongoing problem of art authenticity in Vietnam, and a recent lawsuit filed in Oakland County, Michigan, formally accused Park West Gallery of selling fakes to unsuspecting customers on a cruise ship last year.

While these examples illustrate the rising recognition of unscrupulous behavior by the perpetrators, they also raise a question: Why is an individual of means, often extraordinarily savvy in his or her other financial dealings, so very vulnerable when it comes to the acquisition of pieces of art? What is it about art that causes buyers to take such leaps of faith, often only to discover that simple research could have easily uncovered any snags or malfeasance?
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Supercomputers at the Natural History Museum

In natural history museums, dinosaurs are usually displayed as skeletons, not as code scrolling down computer screens. Yet, this is just how a dozen students from various schools saw them after they created a ‘supercomputer’ as part of the American Museum of Natural History’s first conference examining the growing prominence of ‘parallel or cluster’ supercomputers.

The students, participating in the Museum’s Pre-College Science Collaborative, assembled 16 hard-drives into an eight-unit supercomputer to run a program called POI that would compute the relationship between dinosaurs and modern birds.
It’s amazing how fast they can go, said Jacqueline Kahan, a seventh-grader at the Beacon School referring to the supercomputer. While a home computer can compute 256 million calculations per second, a cluster computer can compute 80 billion. That’s a pretty amazing amount of math, said Jeff Oishi, the show presenter for the planetarium, who was working with the students.
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Art History-Final Critique Assignment

Final Assignment
Students are asked to choose their own “patron saint.” Students should use From Abacus to Zeus and other available resources to choose a saint.
Students should produce an image of the saint in a medieval or Byzantine art style.

Students must submit a 1-page document explaining why they chose the depicted saint, how they chose to represent him/her, and which style they imitated in their image.
Students may choose from any medieval or Byzantine art style, including manuscripts, mosaic, panel-work, tapestry, etc.
Descriptions should demonstrate an understanding of the saint him or herself, and an understanding of the different and diverse art-making traditions associated with western Europe in the medieval period and the art of the Byzantine empire.
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Art History – Take-Home Exam Questions

Students should answer the following five questions. Responses must be typed on a separate sheet of paper. Please include a copy of the questions with your final responses.
Exams should include examples from our discussions in class, must incorporate vocabulary words, and must also draw on relevant information from Beowulf.

Research from any additional sources must be accurately documented in a works cited page and must be correctly cited in-text; failure to cite correctly will result in a failing grade. Final exams are due Week 14. Late final exams will not be accepted for credit.
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Art History-Third Critique Assignment

Second assignment: the content of the assignment and some suggested questions are listed below. This assignment should be formatted as a formal paper; a list of questions and answers will not be accepted.
Choose an artifact from the Byzantine empire or from western Europe through the 9th century. Students are reminded to choose an art object, not a functional object our tool from the period, although architectural structures are acceptable. Students can reference any reputable websites; the library website has some useful links.

Write a 2-page critique discussing the object. Things you should consider when you are analyzing the object:
1. How is the object made? What materials are used? If the object is colored, what colors or pigments are used?
2. What basic shape does it have?
3. What is the size of the object?
4. What distinguishing features does the object have?
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