Category: Resources

American Academy of Art Irving Shapiro Library

The American Academy of Art’s Library is named for Irving Shapiro (1927-1994). Irving was a Chicago native who studied painting at Chicago’s Art Institute and later at the American Academy of Art (AAA). Irving Shapiro was teaching art at the AAA from 1945 until the day he retired. Watercolor was his world and quite a few artists that work in watercolor these days refer to Shapiro as possibly the most influential of all their teachers.

One of the typical characteristics of watercolor is its transparency. Watercolor is consisting of thin mixtures of paint pigments from a solid block or a tube that are suspended in water, and when the painter’s brush is laying down the paint, the colors spread rapidly which leaves transparent layers of color on the often wet paper. Watercolor paintings are actually built in controlled wash areas.
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Think Twice Before Buying

More than ever, the seemingly sexy world of art crime is basking in the spotlight. In the last few months alone, a new program in Italy promoted itself as the world’s first devoted exclusively to international art crime studies, an ARTnews investigation concluded there is more fake than real modern Russian art on the market, the New York Times looked into the ongoing problem of art authenticity in Vietnam, and a recent lawsuit filed in Oakland County, Michigan, formally accused Park West Gallery of selling fakes to unsuspecting customers on a cruise ship last year.

While these examples illustrate the rising recognition of unscrupulous behavior by the perpetrators, they also raise a question: Why is an individual of means, often extraordinarily savvy in his or her other financial dealings, so very vulnerable when it comes to the acquisition of pieces of art? What is it about art that causes buyers to take such leaps of faith, often only to discover that simple research could have easily uncovered any snags or malfeasance?
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Supercomputers at the Natural History Museum

In natural history museums, dinosaurs are usually displayed as skeletons, not as code scrolling down computer screens. Yet, this is just how a dozen students from various schools saw them after they created a ‘supercomputer’ as part of the American Museum of Natural History’s first conference examining the growing prominence of ‘parallel or cluster’ supercomputers.

The students, participating in the Museum’s Pre-College Science Collaborative, assembled 16 hard-drives into an eight-unit supercomputer to run a program called POI that would compute the relationship between dinosaurs and modern birds.
It’s amazing how fast they can go, said Jacqueline Kahan, a seventh-grader at the Beacon School referring to the supercomputer. While a home computer can compute 256 million calculations per second, a cluster computer can compute 80 billion. That’s a pretty amazing amount of math, said Jeff Oishi, the show presenter for the planetarium, who was working with the students.
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Art History-Final Critique Assignment

Final Assignment
Students are asked to choose their own “patron saint.” Students should use From Abacus to Zeus and other available resources to choose a saint.
Students should produce an image of the saint in a medieval or Byzantine art style.

Students must submit a 1-page document explaining why they chose the depicted saint, how they chose to represent him/her, and which style they imitated in their image.
Students may choose from any medieval or Byzantine art style, including manuscripts, mosaic, panel-work, tapestry, etc.
Descriptions should demonstrate an understanding of the saint him or herself, and an understanding of the different and diverse art-making traditions associated with western Europe in the medieval period and the art of the Byzantine empire.
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Art history resources

This post contains many links to useful and informative websites, institutes of art, libraries, and links to numerous art museum websites listed by country. There also are resource categories by period and region included.

Web Directories:
Voice of the Shuttle
Humanities resources on the Web. The list of contents includes Art (Modern and Contemporary) and Art History.
Librarians’ Internet Index
“Websites you can trust,” evaluated and selected by librarians. Subtopics include Art by Region and Artists.
Intute: Arts and Humanities
Arts and humanities resources selected by subject specialists for lecturers, researchers, and students. Search for your topic or select Visual Arts under Browse by Subject.
General Resources:
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Visual Culture Resources

This page contains valuable links to websites related to internet-based resources useful in the academic study of media and communication, some websites are not necessarily a scholarly source, but a good resource for ideas and discussion about current topics in visual culture. Includes links to scholarly articles and useful web resources on advertising, photography, TV/radio, and more. It’s a very comprehensive collection of links, many related to visual communication. The collection of advertising-related links is particularly strong.
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Vocabulary—Medieval and Romanesque Art

This post contains explanations of phrases and terms used in discussing and describing Medieval and Romanesque Art.

animal interlace: decoratin of interwoven animals or serpents, often found in Celtic and northern European art in the early medieval period.
bailey: the outermost walled courtyard of a castle.
Book of Hours: a private prayer book, having a calendar, services for the canonical hours, and sometimes special prayers.
buttress: a type of architectural support which acts by transferring the weight of the buildings from a higher pint to the ground. Flying buttresses transfer the thrust of the roof vaults to a pier.
cathedral: the principal Christian church in a diocese, build in the bishop’s administrative center and housing his throne (cathedra).
choir: the section of a Christian church reserved for the clergy. Located either between the crossing and the apse or in the nave just before the crossing, screened or walled and fitted with seats; may also be raised above the nave over the entrance.
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MLA Citation

Examples of Works Cited:


1 2 3 4 5

Tan, Amy. The Bonesetter’s Daughter. New York: Putnam, 2001.

1. Author’s name. Last Name, First Name.

2. The title and subtitle underlined.

3. Place of publication

4. Publisher.

5. Date of publication.


1 2 3 4

Peterson, Susan Lynn. The Life of Martin Luther. 1999. 9 Mar. 2006



1. Name of the author or corporate author (if known).

2. Title of the site, underlined.

3. Date of publication or last update.

5. Date of access.

6. URL in angle brackets.

Electronic Journal Article

1 2 3 4 5

Nicholson, Geoff. “The Warhol Thing.” Modern Painters 15.1 (Spr 2012). WilsonSelectPlus.

6 7 8

FirstSearch. American Academy of Art Library, Chicago, IL. 1 Dec. 2016.

1. The author’s name.

2. Title of the article in quotation marks.

3. Title of the magazine, underlined.

4. Magazine issue and date information.

5. Name of the databases, underlined.

6. Name of the service, neither underlined or in quotations.

7. The name and location of the library where you retrieved the article.

8. The date the article was retrieved.

For More MLA Citation Help:

Find the following style guides in the library:

  • “A Writer’s Reference” by Diana Hacker
  • “The Bedford Handbook” by Diana Hacker
  • “The Essentials of MLA Style” by Joseph Trimmer
  • “Doing Honest Work in College” by Charles Lipson

Standards for Written Work. Assignments and written work must adhere to standard collegiate forms of style. Students may reference either the MLA or the Chicago Manual of Style; Questions about style should be addressed before assignments are due.

Papers should be typed, double-spaced, font size no larger than 12 point, margins no greater than 1 inch, and multiple-page documents must be numbered. Papers will be penalized for editing mistakes. Always retain a copy of your paper on disk and a hard-copy of your paper in case the original is lost or damaged.

Submitting Assignments.
Students will use to submit most assignments. Specific AAA Syllabus Outline Page 3 of 4 instructions for using this program will be reviewed during class, and specific deadlines for assignments will be posted for each assignment.

Late or missed assignments.
Assignments are due on the assigned date regardless of a student’s attendance in the class.

Late assignments will be penalized one letter grade. Work that is more than one weeks late will not be accepted for credit. In extreme situations, students may make arrangements for an extension only if they have spoken with the instructor prior to the assignment’s due date. MIDTERM and FINAL assignments will not be accepted after the due date.